Anthony Jackson is classified under the law as a career criminal because of his numerous prior felony convictions, thus he must serve a minimum of about 30 years before he can be considered for parole.
He was sentenced Thursday by Criminal Court Judge Lee Coffee.
Jackson, 48, was convicted of attempted voluntary manslaughter for shooting another man in the leg and then firing more shots at him while chasing the victim through the store.
The incident was captured on video surveillance and was shown to the jury in his trial in March.
Jackson also was convicted of employment of a firearm in the commission of a dangerous felony and of being a convicted felon with a handgun.
The shooting occurred on June 5, 2012, at a grocery store in the 3000 block of Johnson between Tillman and Holmes.
On video shown in his trial, Jackson is seen shooting the 27-year-old victim in the leg and then chasing him as the victim hobbled into the store and hid behind food aisles.
Jackson fired several more times, but did not hit the victim again.